Stephen Hanks is Manager, Markets Policy Division at the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). He has acquired close to a decade of professional regulatory expertise in his role at the FCA's predecessor organisation, the Financial Services Authority (FSA) and now the FCA. He previously worked on the original negotiations on the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) whilst he was Economic Adviser, Financial Services at HM Treasury (2002-2006). At the end of 2006 he joined the FSA where he worked mainly on wholesale markets issues, including sitting on a number of European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) task forces and working groups. At the FCA he has co-ordinated the FCAs work on negotiations on the revised MiFID II framework legislation, and is now also involved in the FCA's work on its implementation. Stephen has undertaken numerous presentations on MiFID II implementation issues including MiFID II Implementation, 2015; MiFID II and the challenges for markets regulation, 2015; MiFID II: Investor Protection, 2015; MiFID II: Where are we? What’s coming? And how to prepare! 2014; MiFID/MiFIR Implementation – A Forward Look, 2014; and MiFID/MiFIR: Get ready for Round 2, 2014.